There are various ways to replicate Joomla! environments we can use 3rd party tools like XCloner, etc… In this article, I am going to show rather simple way to achieve the replication of Joomla! or any other CMS.
Background: We are replicating server1 to server2
Assumptions: Both servers have Joomla! installed up and running
Step 1 (Server2): Rename configuration.php to configuration.server2
Step 2 (Server1): Backup file system to a *.tar file. We will name it backup_server1_ddmmyyyy.tar
Step 3 (Server1): Backup database of Server1. We will name it db1
Note: You can achieve step 2, and step 3. Using following bash script
Sample Script Link →
Step 4 (Server2): Drop all tables in db2
Note: You can use following sample script for Step 4
Sample Script Link →
Step 5 (Server2): Extract backup_server1_ddmmyyyy.tar (overwrite mode!)
Step 6 (Server2): Restore db1 using db2 connection string
Note: You can use following script for Step 5 and Step 6
Sample Script Link →
Step 7 (Server2): Delete configuration.php
Step 8 (Server2): Rename configuration.server2 to configuration.php
This is one way to replicate or sync to Joomla! websites. There can be many solutions if you know a better tool or way please share.
I know there are auto update tools out there on Joomla! extension directory to update Joomla! from 1.7.X to 2.5.X but I will recommend everybody to follow instruction mentioned by Joomla! community.
If you have used utilities like Joomla! Pack or admin tools. All third party utilities are not simply capable of performing proper Joomla! upgrade (i.e. from 1.7 to 2.5). I will recommend using following instructions to fix the issues you might be having with your Joomla! installation after the use of 3rd party upgrade tools.
- Download the “1.7 to 2.5.1 Upgrade Package” using following link
- Unzip the package and upload (overwrite mode!) it to the root of your Joomla! installation. Note: If you have customize out of the box Joomla! templates delete the template folder after extracting the zip file.
- Update the Database. Log into the back end of your site. Navigate to Extension Manager: Database.
– Click on “Fix”
- Install New Extension(s). Navigate to Extension Manager: Discover
– Click on “Purge Cache”
– Click on “Discover”
– If new extension(s) have been found, select them all and click on “Install”
This should fix the issues you might be having with your update to Joomla! 2.5.x.
I have been using Akeeba Backup for more than an year now. Here is my analysis of the product.
- Akeeba backup is wonderful tool if you are want to backup your Joomla! CMS on the fly. This is where I use this tool on daily basis for example, If I am modifying the Joomla! website (i.e. installing component, plugin, module, etc.). I always create a full backup of the Joomla! website before modifying anything and I think this where Akeeba backup is at its best. Akeeba Backup gives administrators to backup up the content and the database on the fly.
- Moving Joomla! site from one hosting to another company. Secondly, I think the most strongest point of the Akeeba Backup Solution is the creation of backup archive (*.jpa). This gives the portability to Joomla! administrator to move or migrate Joomla! website easily and smoothly . Here is the process I follow to move a Joomla! site from one hosting company to another.
– Create a full Joomla! backup using Akeeba backup (Professional)
– Using your FTP client download the *.jpa file
– Upload the *.jpa file to “new” hosting FTP root directory
– Download “Kick Start” from Akeeba Backup official website (Link: https://www.akeebabackup.com/download/official/akeeba-kickstart.html)
– Upload kickstart.php file to “new” hosting FTP root directory
– Run the Kick Start wizard which is very simple. The Kick Start wizard will extract the content from *.jpa file and will guide you through the installation steps. (Knowledge base: https://www.akeebabackup.com/documentation/akeeba-kickstart-documentation.html)
- Don’t just rely on Akeeba Backup. Its a wonderful backup tool but FTP upload configuration has failed on multiple occasions while I was using this product with Akeeba FTP upload configuration. In order to solve the problem, I have created a custom bash script to upload the archive file (*.jpa file) to remote FTP server. I run this script nightly using cron job.
- Large Content Joomla! website and Shared Hosting. Based on my experience I have seen “Internal Server Error” creating a backup for large content website (i.e. 4000+ files). Now, I have experienced this on Godaddy Hosting. I would like to mention the hosting company name as this is very important.
- Updates every month. Akeeba backup as a company updates their extensions every month and with every Joomla! release. I have been monitoring them for an year now. From my experience its little too much of updates; I haven’t ran the diffs between the two updates but I believe the changes will be very minimal. I can understand the security releases are critical but literally they release new version every month. Updates of the product are easy but still another job for Joomla! administrator to watch.
- Cost. I think the cost of the product (i.e. pro version) for yearly subscription is on the higher side, this product cost around $53 USD/year (i.e. 40 EURO/year).
Alternative to Akeeba Backup: There is really one alternative to Akeeba Backup and that is XCloner and its FREE. Link: http://www.xcloner.com/
Disclaimer: This is just a professional review on the Akeeba Backup product. I wish good luck to the developer of the product.